Fruits, veggies annual production stand at 12m tons

LAHROE: The yearly production of fruits, vegetables and spices in Pakistan stand at 12 million tons. The production of important fruits include (in 000 tons): citrus (1,948), mango (1,074), dates (622), apples (380), banana (158), apricot (206), almonds (23), grapes (49), guava (571), peach (70), pears (31), plums (61), and pomegranate (50).

Experts said that Pakistan is ranked fourth in worldwide sugarcane production and 12th in sugarcane production. The production of sugar is about 4.35 million tons from 77 mills. Fruits, vegetables and floriculture have important impact on agricultural economy.

According to experts, the horticulture product holds huge market for exports. The relative importance of this sector can be gauged with high growth rate of exports of fruits and vegetables from Pakistan due to ever increasing demand in the existing and international markets. Some of fruits grown have great potential for exports, which are available in volumes, varieties and are of rich flavour. These are mangoes, citrus, grapes, dates, apples, peaches, and cherries. Other prominent fruits having enormous export potential are plums, pears, guava, etc. Among vegetables, potatoes, garlic, ginger, and onions are vastly grown in Pakistan and hold a large global market share because of competitive advantage due to superior variety, volume and price.

The edible oil production stands at 740,000 tons, which is 35 per cent of local demand. The imported quantity of the oil is 1,360,000 (about 65 per cent) and consumption is 2,100. Pakistan spends a huge amount on oil import bill.

The production of vegetables (in 000 tons) are: tomato (426), potato (2025), onion (1,817), garlic (56), chillies (91), turmeric ( 38), and ginger( 41).

Livestock is an important sector of agriculture in Pakistan, which accounts for 51 per cent of agricultural value addition and about 11.3 per cent of the GDP. The livestock population is (in million): Buffalo (27.3), cattle (24.2), goat (66.7), sheep (36), poultry (366), camels (0.8), asses (4.2), and horses (0.3) mules (0.3).

In the similar manner the livestock products are (in 000 tons): milk (43,562), beef (1,115), mutton (740) and fat (136.3). The livestock and poultry sectors generate employment for over 1.5 million people.

Agriculture is the largest sector of Pakistan’s economy and accounts for 22 per cent of GDP. It provides employment to over 40 per cent of total employed workforce. Agricultural sector of Pakistan is usually divided into crops, livestock and fisheries. The crop sector accounts for about 65 per cent of agriculture share in the GDP.

Blessed with abundantly available national resources and favourable climate, Pakistan stands as an ideal place for crop, animal, forestry and fish production. Crop sector banks on cotton, rice, fruits, vegetables etc. while livestock accounts for 30 per cent of agriculture GDP. Forestry and fisheries make up less than 2 per cent of the total.

The average production of some important crops (in 000 tons) are: wheat (22,109), rice (4,991), bajra (193), jawar (186), maize (2,275), barley (96), gram (582), sugarcane (45,316), cotton (2,486), tobacco (84), rapeseed and mustard (227), and sesame (30).

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