Sindh Chief Minister approves multiple indicator survey to launch it formally

Karachi, July 12, 2016 (PPI-OT):The infant mortality rate in the province has been recorded at 82 deaths per 1000 live births and under five mortality rate is 104 per 1000 live births while more than four out of 10 children under five are under weight and 17 percent are classified as severely underweight.

This was disclose in a presentation given by Planning and Development to Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah here at CM House on Sindh Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS), 2014 designed to provide estimates for more than 100 indicators on situation of children for the province. The chief minister said that the reports of the survey, if conducted scientifically, always be helpful for making future planning.

Briefing the meeting ACS (Development) Mohammad Waseem said it was one of the largest surveys in Sindh with a sample size of 19,360 households. He added that the survey conducted from January to August 2014 is part of the fifth global round of Multiple Indicator Clusters Surveys programme.

Senior Minister for Finance and P and D said that the MICS survey is the unique source of information which would serve as a baseline for researchers, policy makers, planners and individuals and provide evidence based data for decision making. It may be noted that the survey was conducted by Bureau of Statistics in collaboration with UNICEF and Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) while Pakistan Bureau of Statistics provided the sampling frame.

Additional Secretary P and D BoS Shahnawaz Jaskani briefing the meeting on the survey report. The report says that in recent years, the people of Sindh have experienced two record breaking floods and rains. The children may have been disproportionately affected and Sindh MICS 2014 shows that infant mortality rate is 82 deaths per 1000 live births and the under-five mortality rate is 104 death per 1000 live births.

The report about nutritional status says that more than four out of ten children under the age of five are underweight and 17 percent are classified as severely underweight. Almost half of the children under five years (48%) are stunted or short for their age and one quarter (24%) are severely stunted. The report reveals that 15 percent of the children are wasted or thin for their height and only one percent of the are overweight or too heavy for their height.

The chief minister, Syed Qaim Ali Shah said he had some idea about these indicators that’s why he had already launched a mega programme for nutrition support all over Sindh. The report about child health says that immunization is key to reducing child health from vaccine-preventable diseases (VPD).

Overall 35 percent of children of age between 12-23 month received all the recommended vaccinations by 12 months of age which reflects and improvement in the last few years, if compared to DHS 2012 findings of 29 percent for the same indicators. Similarly, the report says that an improvement has been witnessed in measles vaccine coverage which is 53 percent as compared to DHS 2012 coverage which was 45 percent.

The MICS report on Water and Sanitation says that 90 percent of the population has access to improved sources of drinking water while it was hardly 80 percent in the survey of 2003. This shows an improvement of 10 percent. The survey through water quality reports observed that three percent of households use drinking water indicating Arsenic contamination while 39 percent of houses use drinking water indicating E.coli contamination.

The survey about Reproductive health says that total fertility rate in the province four children per woman while it was 5.3 children per woman as per findings of 2003-4 survey. The report says that 29 percent of married women are using a contraceptive method and 25 percent are using modern methods.

The report on Maternal and newborn health says that almost 80 percent of married women receive antenatal care from a skilled provider which is almost 100 percent improvement in last decades as compared to the findings of MICS 2003-4 when it was recorded at 42 percent. The prevalence of institutional deliveries is also considerably increased from 42 percent (DHS 2006-7) to 62 percent as reported in current survey of 2014.

On literacy and Education the report says that more than half or 52.3 percent, young women of 15 to 24 years of age are literate. 45.2 percent of school age children are currently attending primary education or higher education with a modest improvement from 39 percent witnessed in MICS 2003-4. The report further says that for every 100 boys attending primary schools, 86 girls are also attending. This falls to 81 girls for every 100 boys attending secondary school.

The report on Child protection says that 29.1 percent of the births of children age under five are registered. 26 percent of the children age between 5 to 17 years are involved in child labour. 81 percent of children between 1 to 14 years experienced psychological aggression of physical punishment or violent behaviour as a way of discipline.

On Early Marriages, the report says that 16.3 percent young women age between 15 to 19 years are currently married. However, there seems to be a decline in the number of girls marrying before the age of 15 years. The data reflects that 17.5 percent of women in the age group of 45 to 49 years had married before the age of 15 compared with a four percent of women of 15 to 19 years of age group.

On this the chief minister said that the Early Marriage Law passed in 2014 has created an impact but it needs to be enforced with full vigour. The report giving interesting revelation on `access to mass media and ICT said that overall 70.4 percent of women either watch TV or read newspaper or magazines or listen to the radio at least once a week. The chief minister said that it was a positive indicator for planners.

The report said that among the women age 155-24, almost 21 percent used a computer during the one year period before the survey and 13.1 percent used a computer at least once a week during the past month. Further to that 13 percent of young women used internet during the past years. Only 8.1 of young women used the social media at least once a week during the last month. More than half of the women in richest households used social media compared with less than one percent in poorest household.

The chief minister termed the survey as a most valuable data to make planning for the next two years. He approved the survey and directed the chief secretary to constitute a taskforce to implement the recommendations. “I think despite serious problems like floods, heavy rains, damaging of the infrastructure and the government efforts have shown some improvements in some important sectors,” he sand added that with the findings of the survey would be most helpful to focus the areas where efforts are needed.

The meeting was attended by provincial ministers, Nisar Khuhro, Murad Ali Shah, Jam Mehtab Dahar, Chief Secretary Siddique Memon, Principal Secretary Alamuddin Bullo, Secretary Education Fazal Pechuho, Secretary Finance Sohail Rajput, UNICEF Chief Field Officer Ms Nargiza Khodjeava, senior officers of P and D, health and education departments.

For more information, contact:
Mr. Allah Bachayo Memon
Press Secretary
Chief Minister House
Tel: +92-21-99202019
Cell: +92-300-3524057 (Ext: 336)