Makkah’s Al-Baiaa Mosque a golden chapter in the glorious history of the Prophet’s Hijrah
Jeddah (IINA) � Al-Baiaa (allegiance) Mosque is one of the historical mosques in Makkah, representing a fragrant memory in the Prophet’s life. The mosque, located east of Jamarat Al-Aqaba in Mina, still carries its historical shape despite all the development and expansion works experienced by Mina over the centuries.
In the 12th year of Prophet Muhammad’s mission, 12 of the nobles of Al-Aws and Al-Khazraj tribes who came from Madinah pledged allegiance to the Prophet (peace be upon him). They promised to protect the Prophet in Madinah as if he were a man from their own tribes. The pledge is known as the First Aqaba Allegiance.
During the Hajj season of the 13th year of the Prophet’s mission, the same spot witnessed the Second Aqaba Allegiance in the attendance of 73 men and two women from Madinah.
It is believed that the mosque was built in the same site of Al-Baiaa � 300 meters northeast of Jamarat Al-Aqaba, at the foot of Mount Thabir � during the era of Caliph Abu Jaafar Al-Mansour in the year 144AH. The mosque is close to three She’eb (valleys) in Mina, known as She’eb Al-Ansar, Al-Baiaa, and Al-Aqaba, whose names are related to the pledge of allegiance given by the Ansar (supporters) of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in honor of his migration to Madinah.
Caliph Abu Jaafar Al-Mansour ordered the building of the mosque in commemoration of Al-Baiaa, which was witnessed by Al-Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib, grandfather of the Abbasid family.
Two inscriptions are engraved on the interior west (Qibla) wall of the mosque, one of which dated 14AH. Al-Baiaa Mosque underwent several renovations, most notably by the Abbasid Caliph al-Mustansir Bellah in 625AH. This is shown in an inscription plate, fixed on the interior south wall of the mosque in the latest renovation carried out in the Ottoman era.
The mosque is currently composed of a Qibla corridor whose roof has collapsed, and an open space at the posterior part, ending with a one-meter-high terrace. The gates have been closed, leaving only one gate on the western edge of the northern wall. The mosque’s mihrab (prayer niche) contains a minbar (a pulpit in the mosque where the imam stands to deliver sermons), which is an architectural phenomenon seen only in Makkah mosques.
The front bottom corners are supported by two pillars to help absorb the floods rushing towards the mosque during the rainy season. The top part of the Qibla wall is crowned with 14 rectangular ornamental battlements called sharafat. The building material of the mosque consisted of stone and bricks, while the interior and exterior walls of the mosque are covered by a coat of plaster.
Source: International Islamic News Agency